Basic Bridge Information

October 9, 2017

Basic Bridge

General Information
Bridge is played with a standard deck of 52 cards, divided into 4 suits of 13 cards each. There is a hierarchy of suits with spades as the higher suit followed by hearts, diamonds, and clubs, in that order. Therefore, the lowest bid that can be made (other than pass) is 1 club.
Bridge Hand Evaluation
High Card Points (HCP)
~Aces = 4 HCP
~Kings = 3 HCP
~Queens = 2 HCP
~Jacks = 1 HCP
Based on HCP, those hands containing 13 or more HCP should be opened.BasicsPlay is conducted at a table for four, with two teams of two players each, who set on opposite sides of the table. One team is designated North-South and one team East-West. Each competition is termed a match, and each player must play in his designated position or direction (N, E, S, or W) for the entire match.

Bridge is a team game, consisting of two players called a pair.
Bridge play is begun with an auction–a series of bids–begun by the dealer and continuing until there are three consecutive passes.

~Bidding and Play
There are 13 rounds of play to each hand–due to the number of players and cards: 4 suits, 4 players, 52 cards. Thus the highest number of tricks that can be captured or taken per hand is 13. A trick consists of the play of one card from each hand.
Bridge starts with a base of six tricks called a book. Bidding consists of an auction where each bidder obligates that team to takes book (six tricks) plus the number of the bid. For example, if a player bids 2 spades, he/she has named a prospective trump suit and obligated the team to take eight tricks. There are penalties for taking less tricks than bid and bonuses for taking extra tricks.
When a suit is designated as the trump suit or trumps, that suit captures all other suits. However, there is a rule that a player MUST follow suit if able to do so. Failure to do so results in a penalty if the failure is inadvertent and could result in exclusion from the match, from an entire tournament, or even result in removal from sanctioned bridge matches if the failure is determined to be deliberate.
However, when a lead is made in a suit in which a player is void, any trump, regardless of its size, may be played and will capture that trick. Wise use of trumps is often the key to success in the play of a bridge hand.

~Statistical Distributions
Missing 2 cards, expect a 1-1 split 52% of the time.
Missing 3 cards, expect a 2-1 split 78% of the time.
Missing 4 cards, expect a 3-1 split 50% of the time.
Missing 5 cards, expect a 3-2 split 68% of the time.
Missing 6 cards, expect a 4-2 split 48% of the time.
Missing 7 cards, expect a 4-3 split 62% of the time.
Said another way,
~missing an even number of cards, they will not split evenly, but otherwise, will tend to split as close to evenly as possible.
~Missing an odd number of cards, they will tend to split as evenly as possible.

Advertisements

Welcome to BridgeDepot.net

March 28, 2010

READ THIS FIRST 

~The articles are clustered into categories for ease of location. Look first for the major category.
~You may also type the name of the convention you’re seeking into the search window and click “enter.”
~The site is designed to print an article without printing all the extraneous materials, ads, etc. Click on the article you want to print, then click on the Print Friendly icon at the top or bottom of the page. A simplified version of the selected article should appear for printing. IMPORTANT: initiate printing by clicking on PRINT at the upper left corner of the Print Friendly page.
~If the article fails to print, and you get an error message, refresh the page. The article should then format properly.
~HOWEVER, if the printed article cuts off words on the right side of the page, change to LANDSCAPE orientation and reprint the article.
~The WordPress site has some formatting problems; in our case, the bidding charts and the outlay of hands do not always print as they show on the screen. I will continue to experiment with the formats in hope of solving these minor problems.
~If you encounter a problem, contact BillButlerBridge@gmail.com. I will E-mail you the article if you cannot print it from this site.
~Enter your E-mail address in the subscription window to receive E-mail notification that a new article has been placed on the website. For ease of location, the new article will show at the end of the list of articles for a few days before being placed in a category. The subscription is both FREE and ANONYMOUS.
~Selected links to other bridge sites are available. Scroll down to LINKS and select the site of interest.

Print